Global stock market hours: a guide for investors

1 min read by Unbiased team Last updated June 14, 2024

Learn about local and international stock trading hours, as well as the 24-hour stock market and stock market after-hours trading, for more impactful investment strategies.

Summary 

  • The majority of the world’s stock exchanges operate during localized business hours, Monday through Friday, from 09:30 to 16:00.  

  • Stock market after-hours trading typically happens between 16:00 and 20:00.  

  • You can find a 24-hour stock market in certain countries and time zones around the world. 

  • Improve your investment strategies by seeking the advice of a financial advisor.  

What are stock market trading hours, and why are they important? 

Knowing the trading hours for different stock markets is important for any active investor.  

Available trading hours tell you when various stock markets are open for business, allowing you to seize investment opportunities and make informed decisions as they arise.  

Stock trading is generally conducted during regular business hours (between 09:30 and 16:00). However, depending on where you are located, stock market after-hours trading and 24-hour trading can also occur.  

What are the different stock market time zones, and what is their impact on trading? 

Time zones affect the opening and closing times of global stock markets.  

Investment success is closely tied to probability and opportunity, and depending on your location and time zone, some trading hours are more advantageous than others.  

Take a look at this chart to learn about major stock markets and their operating hours in UTC:  

Stock marketOperating hours (UTC)
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) 09:30 to 16:00
NASDAQ 09:30 to 16:00
London Stock Exchange (LSE) 08:00 to 16:00
Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) 09:00 to 11:30 and 12:30 to 15:00
Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) 09:30 to 15:00

Stock market hours in the US and Canada 

Both the US and Canada’s stock trading hours follow a regular business hour schedule. They trade from 09:30 to 16:00 Eastern Time (ET), Monday through Friday (except on holidays).  

The US (in particular, New York City) has the largest and most prominent stock market in the world, making their active trading hours some of the most crucial. As of March 2024, the NYSE has an equity market capitalization of over $28 trillion.  

Stock market hours in Europe 

Europe’s stock market hours are slightly longer than North America’s, starting at 08:00 and ending at 16:30 (GMT), Monday to Friday. Also known as Euronext, Europe’s stock market is worth $7.2 trillion.  

Stock market hours in Asia 

Stock market hours in Asia vary depending on which country you are in. Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges are all open at GMT+8, with Shanghai and Shenzhen being open from 01:00 to 07:00 (GMT).  

Japan’s Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) operates between 00:00 and 06:00 (GMT). Shanghai is the largest stock market in Asia, with an equity capitalization of $12 billion.  

What is extended hours trading, and how does it work?  

If you are an active investor, understanding stock market after-hours trading is crucial. After-hours trading is trading that happens outside of regular business hours.  

In the US, after-hours trading begins at 16:00 (when regular hours end) and ends at around 20:00, although activity tends to die down before then.  

Stock market after-hours trading is conducted via electronic communication networks (ECNs). Investors use stock market after-hours trading to complete unfulfilled trades and attempt to match up buy and sell orders.  

There is also pre-market trading, which occurs between 08:00 and 09:30. Investors use pre-market trading to gauge the direction and strength of the upcoming day’s exchanges.  

Extended-hours trading refers to both pre-market and after-hours trading. Several markets, including the US, UK, China, and Japan, support it.  

What are the pros and cons of extended hours trading? 

Trading outside of standard market hours has advantages and drawbacks.  

On the one hand, it provides convenience and opportunity, allowing investors to complete or initiate deals with less competition and more insight.  

On the other, engaging with the stock market after hours can result in low liquidity, order restrictions, and wide bid-ask spreads. 

What are special trading days and market closures? 

The US stock exchange is not open on every business day of the year.  

Both the NASDAQ and the NYSE follow the regular federal government’s holiday schedule for closings but remain open on Indigenous Peoples’ Day and Veteran’s Day.  

Market closures can affect trading strategies and market liquidity. This is because trading halts force investors to hold their stock positions for longer than they normally might, causing unexpected trades and risky last-minute investments.  

3 tips for navigating different market hours 

Global trading schedules are complex. Navigating different market hours and learning about stock market after-hours trading can help you become a stronger and more profitable investor.  

Here are three practical tips for planning trades around market hours to optimize potential returns: 

1. Use automated trading systems 

Automated trading systems are a form of algorithmic trading that involves using a computer or smartphone to buy, sell, and manage orders on your behalf. These systems can automatically account for trading times and risk levels.  

2. Follow the news  

The global stock market is alive. Keeping your finger on the pulse of exchange activity, trends, and updated trading hours from around the world can help you make more informed exchanges.  

3. Receive guidance from an expert  

A financial advisor can take some of the administrative pressure off your hands and provide well-researched insights into stock market hours and strategies as they unfold.  

How has technology impacted global markets? 

Advancements in trading technology have made accessing global markets easier for investors around the world.  

Numerous tools and platforms, such as automated trading systems, technical analysis tools, predictive data analytics, and algorithmic trading, are available to help track different market hours and facilitate trading across time zones.  

Get expert financial advice 

Understanding global stock market hours and the 24-hour stock market is crucial for leveraging your capital as an investor and making more strategic investment decisions.  

Seek out a financial advisor through Unbiased for expert financial advice and get matched with an expert who can help you strategize based on your local and global investment goals.  

Writers

Unbiased team

Our team of writers, who have decades of experience writing about personal finance, including investing and retirement, are here to help you find out what you must know about life’s biggest financial decisions.