# What is the present value of annuity?

## Discover how to calculate the present value of annuity and how to determine the current value of your future payments.

## Summary

Your present value of annuity refers to the total cash value of all of your future annuity payments.

This present value can be calculated using either a formula for an ordinary annuity or a formula for an annuity due.

Calculating your present value of annuity gives you insight into how much value is left in your annuity, allowing you to make informed decisions and plan more effectively.

Unbiased can connect you with an

__experienced financial advisor__who can help you calculate your present value of annuity accurately.

## What is the present value of annuity?

Your annuity is a contract between you and a financial service provider under which you pay premiums in exchange for __annuity payments__ made at a later time.

The meaning of present value of annuity is the total cash value of all of your future annuity contributions.

The present value of annuity formula includes the discount rate or rate of return, upon which your annuity’s future payments will be reduced.

Knowing the value of your annuity can help you to determine exactly how much value is left in the annuity you bought. This allows you to plan more accurately for your future and to make informed financial decisions.

## What is the present value of annuity formula?

Learning how to calculate present value of annuity involves the use of a present value of annuity formula. This formula is as follows:

P = PMT x ((1 – (1 / (1 + r ) ^ -n )) / r)

‘P’ represents the present value of annuity, and ‘PMT’ represents the dollar amount in each annuity payment. ‘r’ is the discount or interest rate, and ‘n’ is the number of payments still to be received.

The numerous variables in this formula can make calculating the present value of annuity challenging.

Though you can do this calculation yourself using an __online calculator__ or the formula above, a financial advisor can also assist you in ensuring that you complete your annuity calculation accurately.

## What is an example of the present value of an annuity?

The formula above can help you determine whether taking an annuity payment or a lump sum is the best choice for your financial needs.

Here is an example of a present value of annuity to demonstrate how the formula works:

Let’s say, for instance, that you have two options: a $30,000 annuity for 20 years or a lump sum of $350,000 with a 5% discount rate. These numbers can be added to the formula below:

P = 30,000 x ((1 – (1 / (1 + 0.5) ^ -20)) / .05)

...therefore P = $373,866.31

This means that the present value comes to $373,866.31, which is higher than the lump sum. In this case, taking the annuity payments instead of the lump sum would be more beneficial.

## What are the 3 different types of annuities?

There are three different types of annuities available, each with its pros and cons.

**Fixed annuities**

Fixed annuities offer guaranteed interest rates that are paid out over a fixed period.

**Variable annuities**

Variable annuities provide more freedom to invest your money in various ways. They don’t offer guaranteed payouts, and payments will depend on the performance of your investments.

This could bring you higher returns, but it also carries the risk of lower returns as your investments’ performance fluctuates.

**Indexed annuities**

These annuities have features of both valuable and fixed annuities. They track stock market indexes and pay out a specific percentage of the tracked index’s returns.

## What is the discount rate in relation to the present value annuity?

Discount rate is an important factor in present value of annuity calculations. This rate refers to an assumed rate of return, or interest rate, which is used to calculate the present value of future annuity payments.

The discount rate reflects money’s time value.

In essence, a dollar held today is worth more than the same dollar held in the future because it can be invested and earn returns through interest.

Higher discount rates translate to lower present values of annuities because future payments are subjected to higher discounts, and vice versa.

## Ordinary annuity vs. annuity due: what’s the difference?

Ordinary annuities and annuities due are similar in many regards, but there is one key difference.

Ordinary annuities make payments at the end of specified time periods, and annuities due make them at the start of these time periods.

Assuming that all factors are the same, an annuity due will have a higher present value. It uses a slightly different formula too: P = PMT × r1 − ((1 + r) n1 )× (1 + r ).

## Get expert financial advice

Knowing how to find present value of annuity is essential for determining how much is left in your annuity. When you make accurate calculations, you can plan strategically for your financial future and make more informed decisions about spending, saving and investing to maximize your returns.

Unbiased will match you with an __expert financial advisor__ who can assist you with present value of annuity calculations and help you to identify the best annuities and investments for your needs.

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Our team of writers, who have decades of experience writing about personal finance, including investing and retirement, are here to help you find out what you must know about life’s biggest financial decisions.